Child Rights are fundamental freedoms and the inherent rights of all human beings below the age of 18. These rights apply to every child, irrespective of the child's, parent's / legal guardian's race, colour, sex, creed or other status.
The essential message is equality of opportunity. Girls should be given the same opportunities as boys. ALL children should have the same rights and should be given the same opportunity to enjoy an adequate standard of living.
In 1992, India ratified the United Nations Convention on Rights of the Child. The Charter of Child Rights (CRC) is built on the principle that "ALL children are born with fundamental freedoms and ALL human beings have some inherent rights". The Charter confers the following basic rights on all children across the world.
- The right to survival - to life, health, nutrition, name and nationality
- The right to development - to educate care,leisure,recreation
- The right to protection - from exploitation,abuse,neglect
- The right to participation - to expression,information,thought and religion.
Glaring Statistics: The Underprivileged Children of India
- 40% of India's population is below the age of 18 years, which at 400 million is the world's largest child population.
- Less than half of India's children between the age 6 and 14 go to school.
- A little over one-third of all children who enroll in grade one reach grade eight.
- One in every ten children is disabled in India.
- 95 in every 1000 children born in India, do not see their fifth birthday.
- 70 in every 1000 children born in India, do not see their first birthday.
- Only 38% of India's children below the age of 2 years are immunized.
- 74% of India's children below the age of 3 months are anemic.
- More than one in three women in India and over 60% of children in India are anemic.
- Acute respiratory infections are leading causes of child mortality (30%) followed by diarrhoea (20%) in India.
- One in every 100 children in India between age group of 0-14 years suffers from acute respiratory infection.
- Almost one in every five children in India below the age of 14 suffers from diarrhoea.
- 30-40% of the India's population, which is largely economically deprived, spends over 70% of their total expenditure on food.
- Amongst married women in India today, 75% were under age at the time of their marriages.
- One in every two girls in India is undernourished, whereas one in every five adolescent boys is malnourished,.
- 23% of India's children are underweight at birth.
- 58% of India's children below the age of 2 years are not fully vaccinated. And 24% of these children do not receive any form of vaccination.
- More that 50% of India's children are malnourished.