Situation of Girl Child in India
6-14 Years Girls Attending School: 1998 - 1999
% of girls 6 - 14 attending school
(Source: International Institute for Population Sciences 2000National Family Health Survey - 2, 1998-99)
- In India, only 53% of habitation has a primary school.
- In India, only 20% of habitation has a secondary school.
- On an average an upper primary school is 3 km away in 22% of areas under habitations.
- In nearly 60% of schools, there are less than two teachers to teach Classes I to V.
- On an average, there are less than three teachers per primary school. They have to manage classes from I to V every day.
- High cost of private education and need to work to support their families and little interest in studies are the reasons given by 3 in every four dropouts as the reason they leave.
- Dropout rates increase alarmingly in class III to V, its 50% for boys, 58% for girls.
- 1 in 40, primary school in India is conducted in open spaces or tents.
- More than 50 per cent of girls fail to enroll in school; those that do are likely to drop out by the age of 12.
- 50% of Indian children aged 6-18 do not go to school
(Source: 7th All India Education Survey, 2002)
Situation of Girl Child at a Glance
- While in 1960 there were 976 girls born for every 1000 boys, in 2001, there are only 927 girls for every 1000 boys.
- Of the 12 million girls born in India, 1 million do not see their first birthday.
- Of the 12 million girls born in India, 3 million do not see their fifteenth birthday, and a million of them are unable to survive even their first birthday.
- One-third of these deaths take place at birth.
- Every sixth girl child's death is due to gender discrimination.
- Females are victimized far more than males during childhood.
- 1 out of every 10 women reported some kind of child sexual abuse during childhood, chiefly by known persons.
- 1 out of 4 girls is sexually abused before the age of 4.
- 19% are abused between the ages of 4 and 8.
- 28% are abused between the ages of 8 and 12.
- 35% are abused between the ages of 12 and 16.
- 3 lakh more girls than boys die every year
- Female mortality exceeds male mortality in 224 out of 402 districts in India.
- Death rate among girls below the age of 4 years is higher than that of boys. Even if she escapes infanticide or feticide, a girl child is less likely to receive immunisation, nutrition or medical treatment compared to a male child.
- 53% of girls in the age group of 5 to 9 years are illiterate.
Every year 27,06,000 children under 5 years die in India. And the deaths of girl children are higher than those of male children