Protecting Child Rights and Promoting Right to Education Act 2009
The goal of the project put forth by the BETI Foundation was to facilitate a favourable and enabling environment for the realization of child rights and improve the living conditions in rural settings of Jaunpur district in Uttar Pradesh. Consistent with UNICEF India’s Child Protection Programme, which seeks to protect children from abuse, violence and exploitation by creating a protective environment by means of improving access and quality of services to children.
BETI Foundation intends to achieve this goal through three outcomes:
- Child protection structure in place addressing child rights and child protection issues specially child labour.
- Enhance knowledge and attitude of families and communities for the promotion of child rights and the protection of children against violence, exploitation and abuse in 151 villages of the Jaunpur district.
- Empowerment and capacity building of women/WG members to champion/promote rights of children, especially those from socially excluded groups.
It is a truism that most parents and guardians wish to take maximum care of their children/ wards. However, there are several issues which are of major concerns. Barrier which block both development and protection are lack of awareness, poverty and socio-economic concerns which prevent the achievement of ensuring that children are fully protected, in the context of project Right of Children include educational backwardness malnutrition health concerns and unsevered emotional deprivation. There is need to ensure that the first 1000 days of life are protected in every way so that for mental , physical, emotional and even social development essential basics are established in Infants and young children up to 24 months.
Desired Outcome of Project
- Quality education available for all children in the age group of 06-14 years.
- Child protection structures in place addressing child rights, and child protection issues, especially child labour.
- Knowledge enhanced and attitudes changed of families and communities in 5,160 villages for the promotion of child rights and the protection of children against violence, exploitation and abuse.
- Enhanced access to service providers and social protection schemes by vulnerable families.
- Women empowered to champion/promote rights of children, especially those from socially excluded groups.
Quality Education Available for all Children in Age Group of 06-14 Years
Supporting School Chalo Abhiyan campaign: A campaign was organized to cover 100% school enrolment under the School Chalo Abhiyan campaign. Twenty four most vulnerable hamlets in the context of educational backwardness and schools which were not reachable were covered. In this campaign different activities were organized such road shows as rallies, community meetings, WG/WSHG meetings, CPC meetings and HH visit to meet parents for mobilization of student. Result of this activity was very promising and we were able to mobilize and enrol more than 206 students.
- There are 10 cluster having 15 villages in each cluster with cluster No. 10 having 16 villages and total covered villages are 151. There are total 176 WG/WSHG in the project area. Cluster No. 9 has 17 WG/WSHG’s in which there is the highest number of SC members. A major achievement is that the project has reached and oriented 101.15% target beneficiaries.
- A total of 176 WG’s/ SHG’s have been formed against the project target 174. A total of 2346 women are associated with these WG/WSHG’s against the project target of 1740. The total population in 95% comprise of person who are bracket together and are Sc and OBC communities. Only 3 % members are from the poor Savarna families who come from very poor families.
- There are 176 WG’s/WSHG’s of which 37 are formed by the BETI Foundation this represents 21% of total WG’s/WSHG’s. Shushursha Samiti, Janak Samiti, Prabodhini, SJRY and Cashpar India Pvt Ltd are contributing 71, 59, 5, 3, and respectively these figure represent 40%, 33%, 3%, 2% and 1% respectively.
- There are more than 2346 members in the targeted WG’s/WSHG’s. Calculating the literacy rate of women in these groups depicts a critical situation, i.e. only 27 % women are literate and 73 % women did not know to read or write.
Formation of Child Protection Committees in Entire Project Area at Village Level
In the total project the target was to have 151 CPC’s, one CPC in each village however there are 5 villages which are not appropriate for forming of CPC’s. They are Chak English Gaderiya, Mehmudpur, Sarsramafi, Barethi and Chakdosh Varigaon.
Formation of Adolescent Group
A total of 14 adolescent groups have been formed as per proposal guidelines. The knowledge of this important group towards Child Right is being enhanced through Training.
Knowledge enhanced and attitude changed of families and communities in 5,160 villages for the promotion of child rights and the protection of children against violence, exploitation and abuse. Women empowered to champion/promote rights of children, especially those from socially excluded groups.
- Two WHG/WG Members Training: It was proposed and organised to provide training to 2 SHG members in each SHG as master trainer for community orientation mobilization etc. In these Trainings 174*2= 348 Member were trained as master trainer on 10 point child friendly agenda.
- Cascade training of remaining WG/ WSHG Members: All remaining members of WSHG were trained through the cascade model.
- CPC members training: We have conducted CPC members training in which 2 members from each CPC and 292 members benefited through direct training. The remaining CPC members were trained through cascade model.
Special Initiatives in intervention
- Oath on occasion of International Anti Child Labour Day: On the occasion of Anti Child Labour Day, several activities were organised in the project area. In these activities there were community based meetings, WSHG meetings etc. An oath taking intervention was also organised.
- Different activities on occasion of International Hand Washing Day: We have demonstrated the benefits of hand washing in PS, UPS, and Aganwadi and health institution to create wide understanding of handwashing for the prevention of infection diseases and to ensure safe delivery.
- Training of Women Gram Pradhan: A two day training was organized for women gram pradhans with the help of SSK Lucknow to ensure a child protective environment in all infrastructure and sections at village level.
The present initiative is to ensure protection of child rights, especially of those children that are involved in labor across Jaunpur district. Concerted action from children, community representatives i.e. female Panchayat heads, government officials, would be promoted and facilitated to ensure protection of child rights. Special emphasis would be given to 10 point child friendly agenda. The agenda consists of three (3) home based & seven (7) service dependent behaviours including the following:
10 Point Child Friendly Agenda
- No girls to be married before the age of 18 years
- Universal consumption of iodized salt
- Feeding of colostrums to newborns, exclusive breastfeeding, and complementary feeding after six months
- Registration of all births, deaths and marriages.
- Full immunization of all infants and pregnant women
- Six-monthly administration of Vitamin A to all children (from the age of 9 months to five years
- Consumption of iron folic acid (IFA) tablets during pregnancy/ adolescent girls and Safe institutional delivery.
- Knowledge on four modes of transmission and four methods of prevention of HIV and linkage to services for HIV prevention (including condom) and care (testing , antiretroviral therapy, prevention of parent to child transmission)
- School enrollment and retention and completion by all 6-14 year old children
- Environmental sanitation through utilization and upkeep of water and sanitation facilities.
The key activities towards these objectives are as follows:
- Establishing Child protection structures in place to address child rights and child protection issues
- Promote partnerships with civil society alliances with a view to promoting a protective environment for children, particularly community and family based care and protection;
- Coordinate to train at least (2316) women champions to provide a child friendly agenda in five identified/ prioritized/ families/ households.
- Knowledge enhanced and attitude changed of families and communities in 151 villages of Barsathi block in the Jaunpur district, for the promotion of child rights and the protection of children against violence, exploitation and abuse.
- Support UNICEF to train at least 38 women heads of PRIs to promote a child friendly agenda in Gram Sabhas
- Provide supportive supervision to WGs and community service provider (ASHAs, ANMs, AWWs and teachers) in making a child friend society.
The results of this project are:
- 151 Child protection Committees formed and 2,291 CPC members trained in child protection issues. These 151 committees will track 80% of the identified child protection issues out which at least 50% are linked with various social protection schemes. Civil society alliance established to actively partnering with government efforts for creating a protective environment for children and for reducing the number of working children in the Jaunpur district;
- 1,740 women socially empowered/ have positive attitude to practice the 10 point child friendly agenda;
- 8,700 families/households of which at least 50% i.e. 4,350 socially empowered /have positive attitude to practice the 10 point child friendly agenda.